why is it illegal to grow gooseberries

How to grow gooseberries Overview. This may well happen in the next growing year. Currants and gooseberries have been under cultivation for several centuries. Container-grown gooseberries often struggle in dry conditions, so carefully monitor their watering. Remove the skins and snip off the “top and tail” with scissors. Trellising gooseberries increases air circulation, which helps prevent disease and also makes fruit easier to harvest. The gooseberry is smaller and rounder than an average grape but is full of flavor. Currants come in a variety of colors—red, pink, white and black—with the pale varietals having a more delicate taste and the black varietals offering a much stronger and distinct flavor. Gooseberries naturally grow into bushes but may also be trained – as standards on a long single trunk, or against a fence as fans or single-stemmed cordons. Gooseberry , is a common name for many species of Ribes (which also includes currants) and other species of plants. Planting a selection of varieties will give you berries from late spring to late summer. You must start with one-year-old plants with good strong leaders. Make sure the soil is free of perennial weeds. Cut back dead roots from the plant, and trim the tops to 6 to 10 inches. Perhaps it is time to ask our Legislature to consider revising these rules. John Porter is the WVU Extension Service agent for agriculture and natural resources in Kanawha County. While closely related, the gooseberry has a much larger fruit that grows individually along the plant stem. There are also varieties of gooseberries and other currants that are resistant. Our experts will call you on your preferred time. They are extremely popular in England and other Northern European countries, but growing them in Massachusetts depends on what town you live in. Gooseberries typically ripen over a four- to six-week period and, therefore, might require several pickings. Perform a soil test before planting to see if you’ll need to adjust the soil pH level with soil amendments. It is perfectly legal to transport Ribes to and grow Ribes in any county that is not part of this list. Gooseberries and currants are all members of the genus Ribes, which is in the Grossulariaceae family. This doesn’t mean that they are easy to find. “This federal ban had a big impact on currants and gooseberries in the United States, as basically they didn’t exist for nearly a half century,” says Cathy Heidenreich, berry extension support specialist in Cornell University’s Department of Horticulture. Copyright © 2020 EG Media Investments LLC. Planting a selection of varieties will give you berries from late spring to late summer. The much more powerful timber industry, primarily along … The skin on currants and gooseberries tends to be soft, so to avoid crushing, don’t pile the harvested berries high and use smaller containers. Rovada and Red Lake are strong red currant varietals, both in flavor and hardiness, and Consort is a particularly rust-resistant black currant, though it has the potential for poorer fruit quality. Watch for cankers on your plants to know if you have it. Caring for gooseberry bushes. “You’ll often run into problems with a lot of the same plants in a monoculture, but with a polyculture approach—integrating a variety of plants throughout your garden—each plant is more isolated and pests, such as aphids, are less likely to jump from one plant to another and spread.”. One exception I have found is the Edible Landscaping nursery in Afton, Virginia (ediblelandscaping.com). “For example, I planted two varietals of gooseberries, Tixia and Hinnonmaki Red, and found Tixia to be much more susceptible to insect damage and fungal leaf disease. ANSWER: There are a few reasons why this might happen: The fruits may still be ripening and will grow to full size in the next couple of weeks. Birds are fond of the fruit and they can spread seed (and gooseberry plants) all over the garden. Gooseberry varietals come in different colors at harvest—from bright green to green with a touch of blush to almost black. Why is it federally illegal for people to grow their own cannabis, if it is only for personal use, and there is no monetary transaction which involves commerce? She is the author of, 3 Recipes For Homemade Holiday Chicken Treats, Build This DIY Weasel Box To Keep Your Hens Safe, 6 Christmas Gift Ideas For Farmers In 2020, Recipe: Cinnamon & Sugar Brioche Is A Rich, Tender Treat, What To Do If Your Goat Has A Rare Disease. But that’s just for my area; [it] may not be a problem in other locations.”. Here’s how to grow them. This imported disease destroyed white pine forests across the northeastern United States in the early 1900s. Whatever your preference—from the exotic black currant to tart green gooseberries—growing these fruits does more than add a quaint diversion to your garden mix; you’re actually helping revive our agricultural and culinary heritage, reintroducing our palates to the flavorful magic of these perennial fruits. High near 45F. The much more powerful timber industry, primarily along the East Coast and east of the Mississippi, beat out the lowly Ribes plant genus, hence the ban. Lawn rakings, compost or grass clippings make excellent mulch. Until 1966, a federal ban prohibited the growing of Ribes. “There really is no magical formula, and weather variables play a key role.”. The berries of those in the genus Ribes (sometimes placed in the genus Grossularia) are edible and may be green, red, purple, yellow, white, or black. If you have a subscription, please Gooseberries will thrive in most gardens, but to get the most from them grow them in a bright position in rich, well-drained soil. Few Americans have seen or tasted currants and gooseberries, despite centuries of cultivation and a deep-rooted European culinary heritage. The Cape gooseberry is a rewarding and easy plant to grow. Garden Guru: Gooseberries, currants — forbidden fruits? In Massachusetts, for example, black currants are prohibited statewide and individual towns determine procedures for planting red or white currants or gooseberries. Avoid feeding the plants with too much nitrogen because this can enc… Cordon gooseberries are very easy to grow and take up little space. Last update: May 24, 2020 1 answer. A nice 2- to 3-inch layer of mulch will help retain moisture and reduce weeds. They are frequently referred to collectively as Ribes species. How to Grow Gooseberries. Gooseberries grow well in large containers of soil-based compost. They need protection from cold winds and late frosts. Both gooseberries and currants grow on relatively compact shrubs that can actually take a little bit of shade and even moist soil. Water well during dry spells. Space plants 3 to 5 feet apart, in rows 8 to 10 feet apart. Both gooseberries and currants grow on relatively compact shrubs that can actually take a little bit of shade and even moist soil. Pruning and picking gooseberries can be a small challenge, as they are well known for their thorns. “I love using red currants for juice because of their beautiful color,” Creeger says. Starting holiday activities early can help lift spirits (FlipSide), We were all given this life to serve (FlipSide), Social media's effect on nourishment (FlipSide), How will corona impact us: The long lasting affects of the pandemic (FlipSide), Bipartisan group of senators prepares $908 billion stimulus plan, aiming to break partisan logjam. How to grow gooseberries – pruning a gooseberry bush. In fact, I mentioned writing about gooseberries this week to some 20-somethings in my office, only to get blank stares and a question as to whether they really exist. This resistance came from nature, not a government lab. State regulations can be complicated, however. Please try again. “It also mixes well with other juices, like apple cider.”. Schneider lets the berries ripen on the vine one to two weeks after their first sign of ripeness for maximum sweetness. You probably landed on this page with the intention of learning how to grow gooseberry plants and its berries, and in this article we’ll take you through how do exactly. 1 Gonzaga, Charleston police officer shot; suspect in custody, Ryan Pritt: Neal Brown deals with the web-based rumor mill, With COVID-19 surging, Justice considers 'stringent' measures, including bar closings, WVU football recruiting: Mountaineers could have one of best signing classes in decades, Timberline Mountain's Indiana owners spend $10M for new lifts, lodge makeover, The Food Guy: Three delicious days dining around Marion County, State tax collections continue to top projections in November, Bill's Best ... place to escape turkey in downtown Charleston. This kills off our White Pine Trees, and since we are known as the "Pine Tree State", and because of the great value the White Pine tree has on our local economy, (with many saw mills in the state who saw White Pine exclusively), it was deemed a very long time ago that Gooseberries should be eradicated in this state. Depending on where they are grown and how, gooseberries taste similar to grapes, apples or strawberries. Thanks to later development of new disease-resistant plant varietals, the federal ban was lifted in 1966, leaving individual states to decide what types of Ribes plants to allow. All currants and gooseberries freeze well, which is an easy way to quickly preserve your harvest during the busy summer months, defrosting the berries for juice or other cooking projects during winter. Plant them sloping at an angle of 45 degrees, towards the north if possible; canes will be needed for supports. Please let us know a convenient time to call you on, (*All time slots are available in CDT zone.). Gooseberries harbor a bark beetle that turns into White Pine Blister Rust. Currants and gooseberries prefer a slightly acidic soil with a pH level around 5.5 to 7.0. Watering is seldom required but in very dry spells water every 14 days. There is error while submitting your request. Gooseberries in preserves or canned . Look out for gooseberry sawfly from late spring onwards. You can also use scissors to remove the clusters. Winds light and variable. wvgardenguru.com. Your email address will not be published. Among the European varieties, ‘Invicta’ is the current favorite with gooseberry fans, though the favor comes from its mildew resistance and not necessarily its flavor. There may be more, but I haven’t run across them. Currants are used most in preserves, juices, jellies and wine, but sweeter white currants can be eaten fresh. In the white currant selections, ‘Blanka’ (mid-late season), ‘Pink Champagne’ (midseason), ‘Primus’ (late season) and ‘White Imperial’ (Midseason) are popular selections. Showing how I have grown Gooseberries in containers with success. Some states recognize this fact and have lifted the ban on Ribes & Rubrus (Gooseberries and Currants). This means in order for the disease to complete its life cycle and infect white pine trees, it must spend some time on a currant, gooseberry or related species. Full text of "The history of New Jersey : from its earliest settlement to the present time : including a brief historical account of the first discoveries and settlement of the country" See other formats Why are gooseberries illegal? Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Green under-ripe fruit can be harvested in early summer for jam-making. Mulch the root area with organic matter, such as garden compost or bark chips, to conserve soil moisture. In 1911, a federal ban made it illegal to grow all Ribes, including currants and gooseberries, because these plants served as an intermediary host of white pine blister rust. Some basic pruning also will increase yield and increase airflow, which will result in fewer disease problems with powdery mildew. Different currant and gooseberry varietals have varying depths for accurate planting, so check the recommendations from your local nursery. Black currants ready to harvest should have no green color on the skins. “Low maintenance, highly productive and easy to grow, all from a handsome small shrub that gifts you with flavor-packed berries that simultaneously taste tart and sweet.”. “[It’s] best to keep an eye on your fruit to know when it is ripe to pick,” Schneider says. Don’t plant your gooseberries near white pine trees and destroy any plants that are infected. Please log in, or sign up for a new account to continue reading. And no! A federal ban was placed on all Ribes species in the early 1900s, but was lifted in 1966. The skins should be tender but still relatively firm and not mushy. They are pretty low-maintenance, but they are heavy nitrogen feeders that will appreciate regular fertilization. Gazette-Mail editorial: WV Dems might have learned, but will they live? That may, however, prove to be a thorny subject. A complex patchwork of regulations behind growing currants and gooseberries varies from state to state. They are restricted in North Carolina and several other states. I would recommend some black currant varieties, but when we talk about these berries’ “bad boy” status, you’ll learn that you can’t grow them in the state. A national advocate for women in sustainable agriculture, Lisa Kivirist founded and leads the Rural Women’s Project of the Midwest Organic Sustainable Education Service and is a senior fellow, endowed chair in agricultural systems at the Minnesota Institute for Sustainable Agriculture at the University of Minnesota. Black currants, meanwhile, are more susceptible to white pine blister rust and are therefore quarantined out of the entire state. Remember, gooseberries range in sweetness, so your sugar ratio really depends on what berries you start with and your preferred level of sweetness. Marshall football: Grant Wells named to O'Brien QB Class of 2020, WVU basketball: Mountaineers face ultimate test vs. No. Pruning is easy. Gooseberries can be preserved in the form of dried fruit, as the primary or a secondary ingredient in pickling, or stored in sugar syrup. If you believe you've gotten this message in error, please Check leaves regularly for caterpillar damage and control by hand. However, many states still have their own restrictions. Now, over time, both pine trees and gooseberries and currants have developed various degrees of resistance to White Pine Blister or whatever the disease is now called. If this is proving hard, spray bushes regularly with an insecticide. As for gooseberries, though you may still find them in larger branches of Waitrose or Sainsbury’s and the odd farmer’s market, the industry “has gone into decline,” says British food guru How many to grow– A mature, well-tended gooseberry bush will yield up to 5 kg of fruit. They are easy to grow in the right climate – Tablelands, in southern New Zealand, and parts of southern Australia are ideal. Advertisement Eat within a few days of picking or store them in the fridge for up to two weeks. Most recipes use a mixture of gooseberries and sugar cooked down with a dash of water until the berries are soft. This group consists of three types of fruit: gooseberries, red and white currants, and black currants. But mention currants or gooseberries, and you’ll likely receive a look of confusion or even a wince, as the person recalls an unsweetened encounter with these misunderstood and under-appreciated fruits. (Timber Press, 2013). The sale, transportation, further planting or possession of plants of the genus Ribes (commonly) known as currant and gooseberry plants, including cultivated, wild, or ornamental sorts is prohibited in the following Counties in the State of Maine, to wit: York, Cumberland, Androscoggin, Kennebec, Sagadahoc, Lincoln, Knox, Waldo, Hancock, and parts of Oxford, Franklin, … QUESTION: Why are my gooseberries on my bushes so tiny. These shrubs are native mainly to the Northern Hemisphere, mainly Europe and Asia, though there are native gooseberries. Gooseberries are roughly the size of small grapes, which is reflected in the species name of the European species, R. uva-crispa (which translates as curved grape, rather than crispy grape, which makes me scratch my head). They’re easy to grow, and just a single bush will reward you with masses of berries for up to 15 years. Add in a nutritional punch—gooseberries are high in fiber and currants are packed with vitamin C—and they’re the most underrated fruits indeed. Best Answer. Gooseberries grow directly from the stems of the bush. Katie Creeger, of Kestrel Perch Berries in Ithaca, N.Y., recommends tapping into local farmer knowledge and other area resources for specific varietal recommendations. Depending on the variety and the weather, gooseberries ripen between May – August in the UK. Please purchase a subscription to continue reading. Garden Vlog #4 || Picking and storing black currants! The early green cooking gooseberries. Gooseberries tend to grow on spiky bushes that can bear fruit for up to 20 years; home gardeners can also train the plants to grow against walls, where they'll take up less space. Some states lifted the ban because all the efforts to eradicate the disease didn't work… Gooseberries are another option for an easy-to-grow fruit. “Generally, currants and gooseberries are durable plants that can support some insect pressures,” Heidenreich explains. We’ll also take you through some of the benefits that the plant has, how to grow it more easily and some of the potential problems you could be running into in that process. In 1911, a federal ban made it illegal to grow all Ribes, including currants and gooseberries, because these plants served as an intermediary host of white pine blister rust. A: Gooseberries are an alternate host for a fungal disease called white pine blister rust. In late winter, feed with a balanced granular fertiliser at 100g per sq m (3½oz per sq yd). However, several varieties have been developed that are resistant to the disease. Currant fruits are much smaller, grow in clusters, and while flavorful, are generally too tart to eat without added sugar. Pick them when they are soft to the touch and come off easily. Their flavor profile can range from tart to tropical. Click #isupportlocal for more information on supporting our local journalists. Birds might also steal your tempting berries, so protect both ripening fruits with netting. Mulch the surface to keep weeds at bay. To grow gooseberries, start by getting a gooseberry clipping from a nursery or an older gooseberry plant sometime in early spring. You might need to look across the pond to Great Britain for culinary inspiration and recipes using your gooseberries, as the Brits have a long-standing love of the fruit. Gooseberries. Either a gooseberry or currant is required for the fungus to go through its entire life cycle, so there have been many steps taken to reduce the numbers of Ribes to limit the damage to white pine trees. Growing gooseberries is rewarding for many years to come and have many health benefits. Get more berry-growing help from HobbyFarms.com: Your email address will not be published. The reason is that these plants serve as alternate hosts for White Pine Blister Rust. Members of the genus Ribes are alternate hosts of a disease called white pine blister rust. They are easy to grow, they offer you a lot of fruit, and they make a nice bush for decoration in your garden.. European gooseberry cultivars like Invicta, a white gooseberry with good disease resistance, tend to be larger, sweeter and more robustly flavored. “I’m always looking for opportunities to grow crops that increase options for eating local year-round,” says Erin Schneider, who runs Hilltop Community Farm outside LaValle, Wis., with her husband, Rob McClure. We hope that you continue to enjoy our free content. Before we talk about the forbidden nature of gooseberries, however, let’s get to know them a little better, since their existence might not be common knowledge to everyone. Though gooseberries are native to northern Europe, Britain in particular adopted them and gooseberry pies, fools, tarts and jellies were devised. Varieties– Gooseberries fall into two commercial groups, those of European origin, bred from Ribes uva-crispa, with larg… Can you grow gooseberries and currants in the state of West Virginia? Managing weeds is a key part of currant and gooseberry care. Even though they’re easy, there are a few steps you can’t skip in growing them. Currants come in red, white and black varieties. Any moist, well-drained soil is suitable, but a deep, well-manured loam is preferable. “For gooseberries and currants in particular, it’s really important to network locally and find out what works for your region,” Creeger says. You’ll also notice in catalogs that nurseries will only ship these plants to certain states. Because black currants are still viewed as the key intermediary host for white pine blister rust, you’ll find these berries still banned in many states, but there are fewer restrictions for the red and white currant varietals, as well as gooseberries. Log In. Required fields are marked *. “For anyone interested in growing these fruits, your first call should be to your state’s extension office to see if the ban has been lifted where you live and what specific varietals you can grow.”. Please log in, or sign up for a new account and purchase a subscription to continue reading. Planting pointers. In … These days, gooseberries are a rarity, thanks to some restrictions — and myths about restrictions — about growing them all over the state of West Virginia. They are easy to grow in the right climate – Tablelands, in southern New Zealand, and parts of southern Australia are ideal. Now, when we talk about these forbidden fruits, we also have to talk not only of gooseberries, but also their relatives, the currants. “The list of reasons to grow gooseberries and currants is quite long and diverse,” explains David Deardorff, co-author of What’s Wrong with My Fruit Garden? 9/16/2020 – The short answer is “no.” You cannot legally grow currants or gooseberries in North Carolina. This disease is devastating to white pine trees. Always try to grow varieties resistant to mildew. Currant and gooseberry plants can produce as long as 40 years, so site them in a sunny spot with good drainage. http://learn-how-to-garden.com One of the quintessential summer fruits but with far more uses than just a desert. ‘Careless’ and ‘Achilles’ are also good additions to the garden. “If you have space and want to grow both currants and gooseberries, your best bet is to scatter them around your landscape,” says Kathryn Wadsworth, co-author of What’s Wrong with My Fruit Garden? A mere handful of pests compared to those affecting other fruits are possible, but not common. Facebook; Twitter ; Whats App; Reddit; Email; ISTOCK. I explain how I make the growing medium. They grow most anywhere in the United States, however the American gooseberries will grow slightly smaller than the European gooseberries. are the range you’ll most typically see in the grocery store, but if you grow your own, you can select from fruits in all tones of yellow, orange, purple and red. Cape gooseberries: grow, care and harvest. The ban was established because gooseberries and currants can serve as alternate hosts to white pine blister rust (Cronartium ribicola). Each autumn prune back the laterals to within 75 mm (3 in) of the main stem. But don’t let the small size fool you; there’s lots of flavor in that tiny package! The 23 counties on the quarantine list are Barbour, Fayette, Grant, Greenbrier, Hampshire, Hardy, Harrison, Marion, Mercer, Mineral, Monongalia, Monroe, Nicholas, Pendleton, Pocahontas, Preston, Raleigh, Randolph, Summers, Taylor, Tucker, Upshur and Webster. Thank you for choosing this service. Feed gooseberry bushes in early spring with sulphate of potash (follow packet instructions) and a generous mulch of well-rotted manure or compost. Referred to as a perennial fruit, this means not that the fruit is there all year round, but that it is a fruit that grows on a perennial deciduous bush. Where to Grow Gooseberries . This federal ban was rescinded in 1966 after it was discovered that other plants could act as the host as well. Next, right after planting, scatter 2-4 inches of organic mulch to keep the soil cool and moist. The most common problem for gooseberries is powdery mildew, which forms a white powder-like film on leaves and shoots and tends to thrive in humid conditions. Click here to stay informed and subscribe to The Charleston Gazette-Mail. Though gooseberries are native to northern Europe, Britain in particular adopted them and gooseberry pies, fools, tarts and jellies were devised. Both currants and gooseberries are woody perennial shrubs. It depends on where you live. Yes! Currants are much smaller than gooseberries but have big taste. As for currants, ‘Cascade’ (early season), ‘Red Lake’ (midseason), ‘Rovada’ (late season) and ‘Wilder’ (mid-late season) are considered good varieties. American varieties, though, tend to be more resistant to a mildew fungus that can affect the shrubs. In early spring, while the plants are still dormant, prune the older wood so you have three or four of the best canes for each plant, removing the oldest canes annually. To borrow a well-known answer about the existence of mythical beings: “Yes, Virginia, there are gooseberries!”. Gooseberries are an excellent fruit to grow in your garden or allotment. The plump fruits of a gooseberry bush are delicious cooked in pies or swirled into sweetened cream to make a fool. Growing gooseberries is a worthwhile fruit to grow in the gooseberry patch as they are excellent for making jams, jellies, desserts, chutneys and wine.In fact, we have about 4 gooseberry wine recipes for you to try! Hendry recommends planting gooseberries in sunny spots, and says the resilient fruit's low-maintenance requirements make it particularly attractive to home growers. Both European and American gooseberries are grown and available for purchase, with the European varieties bearing larger, tastier fruit. Gooseberries do well in semi-shade or full sun. Growing Red Currants or Gooseberries in Massachusetts The planting of black currants (Ribes nigrum) is currently prohibited in Massachusetts under 330 CMR 9.00: Plant Quarantines, due to the ability of this species to spread white pine blister rust, a fungus that threatens stands of white pine trees. This means in order for the disease to complete its life cycle and infect white pine trees, it must spend some time on a currant, gooseberry or related species. Your current subscription does not provide access to this content. Currants most often succumb to worm damage. Mention the word “berries” to someone in the U.S., and they’ll most likely break into a smile as a vision of June’s sweet strawberries or juicy raspberries jump to mind. Gooseberries are considered to be one of the best plants for beginners in the art of gardening. Winds WSW at 5 to 10 mph.. Generally clear. Plant in early fall or early spring. How to grow Gooseberries - Pests & Diseases. Gooseberries usually grow in a bush, although they can also be trained to grow against a wall or fence and commonly known as a gooseberry patch. CHARLESTON, W.Va. — People of a certain age may have fond memories of puckering up after eating a tart gooseberry, freshly harvested from the bush. There is often confusion as to the legality of growing gooseberries and currants. When harvesting currants, pull off the full fruit cluster (also called “trusses” or “strigs”) rather than individual fruits. As for varieties, ‘Pixwell’ is a common American variety that has a nice purple blush. Contact him at john.porter@mail.wvu.edu or 304-720-9573. Handpicking these bugs can work. While it’s happiest in full sun, it doesn’t mind semi-shade. Wear gloves as you pull off the fruit to protect your hands from the prickly spines. n Seed late cole crops (broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, kale). Photo from GLady at Pixabay. ‘Captivator’ and ‘Hinnonmaki Red’ also make good additions to the garden. All rights reserved. These counties are in the eastern and northern portions of the state, which are more likely to be lumber-producing counties. Ripe cape gooseberries… Some of the white varieties are a light, blush-pink color and referred to as champagne currants. Like most Ribes, the gooseberry is an alternate host for white pine blister rust, which can cause serious damage to American white pines. Currants tend to ripen mid-summer through September; exact harvest times depend on where you live. Gooseberries are a host for white pine blister rust, which is a serious threat to high elevation pine trees. The bush is only one or two years old and is not yet ready to produce full sized fruit. In 1933, Maryland passed a law limiting goos… Follow him on Facebook, Twitter at @WVgardenguru and online at. “From a horticulture perspective, it’s important to start with certified stock from a reputable nursery, as this is your best assurance against viruses or disease.”. 4 Hardy Fruit Shrubs to Beautify Your Farm, Hawthorn Berries: The Last Fruits of the Season. Currants are much smaller — not much bigger than the size of a pin head. For severe infestations, apply pyrethrin or rotenone. For those seeking to grow something they won’t find on the supermarket shelves—and probably not even at the farmers’ market—consider championing these members of the Ribes genus. You have permission to edit this article. It is very difficult to find a garden catalog company that will take the time to look at a map to figure out where you are, so most just state that they cannot ship to West Virginia. For white currants, Pink Champagne is excellent for a variety of uses, including juices, jams and jellies. Thank you for Reading! Cloudy early, becoming mostly sunny this afternoon. Sheryn Clothier / NZ Gardener 10:39, Jun 12 2019. Low 24F. Then, plant the clipping outdoors in nutrient-rich, well-draining soil, making sure the hole is deeper and wider than the roots. It’s a member of the nightshade family, along with tomatoes and potatoes. In West Virginia, it is illegal to transport Ribes into 23 counties as outlined by an actual section of the West Virginia State Code (Chapter 19, Article 12, Section 6). “I’ve been intrigued with learning about and experimenting with hardy perennial fruits like currants and gooseberries, too, because they fit nicely into my permaculture farm plan, creating an agricultural ecosystem where everything benefits and supports each other.”, “Currants and gooseberries are generally suited for northern climates, specifically [USDA] zones 3 through 8,” Heidenreich says. Log In. Despite these legal hurdles, farmers intrigued by these obscure berries are championing their comeback and revival.

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